All water/waste water runs out of your house from one main drainage pipe into a septic tank.
If you’re living in one of the many towns throughout CT that do not have access to city sewer mains to dispose of waste water, or you are building a new house and prefer to manage your own utilities as much as possible, then we have you covered. Septic systems are required in place of sewer mains and laterals to dispose of waste water properly.
Septic systems are a critical component of many homes and businesses throughout Connecticut, and they have to be maintained on a regular basis to operate efficiently and effectively over the long haul. Neglecting to maintain your septic system properly on a regular basis can cost you thousands of dollars if the system fails.
Emergency pumping is available year round 24/7. For all emergency after hour needs, please call and leave a detailed message and we will return your call as soon as possible.
Septic systems are commonly used in rural areas without access to public sewer systems. They use a combination of nature and proven technology to treat wastewater from household plumbing produced by bathrooms, kitchen drains, and laundry.
A typical septic system consists of a septic tank and a drainfield, better known as a leach field.
The septic tank digests organic matter and separates floatable matter (e.g. oils and grease) and solids from the waste water. Heavy materials or sludge sinks to the bottom of the tank while the systems discharge the liquid (known as effluent) from the septic tank into a series of perforated pipes buried in a leach field, chambers, or other special units designed to slowly release the effluent into the soil.
How it Works
The septic tank is a buried, water-tight container usually made of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene. Its job is to hold the waste water long enough to allow solids to settle down to the bottom, forming sludge, while the oil and grease floats to the top as scum. Compartments and a T-shaped outlet prevent the sludge and scum from leaving the tank and traveling into the drainfield area.
The liquid wastewater (effluent) then exits the tank into the drainfield.
The drainfield is a shallow, covered excavation made in unsaturated soil. Pretreated wastewater is discharged through piping onto porous surfaces that allow wastewater to filter through the soil. The soil accepts, treats, and disperses wastewater as it percolates through the soil, ultimately discharging to groundwater. If the drainfield is overloaded with too much liquid, it will flood, causing sewage to flow to the ground surface or create backups in toilets and sinks.
Finally, the waste water percolates into the soil.
A foul odor is not always the first sign of a malfunctioning septic system. Call a septic professional if you notice any of the following:
- Wastewater backing up into household drains.
- Bright green, spongy grass on the drainfield, especially during dry weather.
- Pooling water or muddy soil around your septic system or in your basement.
- A strong odor around the septic tank and drainfield.
- Have it pumped regularly by a professional, usually every 1-2 years which will depend on a number of factors such as the family size, size of the tank, garbage disposal, and the amount of water/wash used daily. A yearly pumping or cleaning of filters and inspection of liquid levels is recommended at a minimum to ensure there are no issues or emergency backups.
- Use water in your household efficiently.
- Do not flush baby wipes or feminine products down the toilet.
- Do not plant shrubs on or close to your leach field.
- Do not drive heavy equipment or vehicles over leach fields.
- Have your system checked and maintained on a regular basis by a licensed professional.
- Systems with mechanical components, such as pumps, should be inspected yearly.
Your septic system is not a trash can. An easy rule of thumb: Do not flush anything besides human waste and toilet paper. Never flush:
- Cooking grease or oil
- Non-flushable wipes, such as baby wipes or other wet wipes
- Photographic solutions
- Feminine hygiene products
- Dental floss
- Cigarette butts
- Coffee grounds
- Cat litter
- Paper towels
- Household chemicals like gasoline, oil, pesticides, antifreeze, and paint or paint thinners